“Nursing diagnosis for anxiety can be defined as an indistinct feeling of upset or worry that leads the individual towards unexpected outcomes. Reasons behind such feelings are mostly undetermined and unknown for the patient or defected person.”
Such alarming and under-pressure feelings are the sometimes results of some dangerous situation from which the patient has been suffering. Under such circumstances, patients have to think about handling of such cases. Sometimes they overcome the danger, but if they can’t tackle the problem, they become stressed, worried and restless, in the result. In such situations, a nursing care plan for fatigue is needed to overcome anxiety.
According to the research of the National Institute of mental health, the United States is the largest state that has been suffering from anxiety disorders and mental illness nowadays. This disorder is affecting 18% population of the US, i.e., 40 million teenagers of age 18 or above. Anyone from anywhere can be a victim of anxiety and mental disorders. Every rich, poor, younger, elder, older, sick, celebrity or any human can be a part of this issue.
Reasons for Nursing Care Plan for Fatigue:
Before treatment, the problem should be diagnosed so a physician can take further steps to cure it. They are several reasons for every disease. Similarly, anxiety has its own related right but in a more considerable amount as compared with other conditions. There are classes of fatigue-related reasons. So the following points show all those causes that urge the need of nursing diagnosis for anxiety.
- Physiological Reasons:
- Threats related to food
- Financial issues
- Shelter issues
- Vagary related thoughts
- Safety threats
- Painful accidents
2. Cognitive or Developmental Reasons:
- Pressure of parenting
- Career orientations threats
- Ageing side effects
- Loss of close relations
- Inter-personal relationships issues
- Breakup with family
- Disputes between families
- The concern of Health status
3. Environmental Reasons:
- Conflict about life aims
- Rejection/Decline in goals
- Educational stress in students
- Substantial abuses
- Incomplete dreams or ambitions
Symptoms of Anxiety Nursing Diagnosis:
There are various symptoms through which anxiety can be easily detected and handled. Before handling any issue, its related causes and signs must be known to the patient and physician. So following list of information can help you to design your own nursing care plan for knowledge deficits.
- Feeling of Helplessness
- Loss of self-control
- Absence of mental focus
- Behavioural agitation or nervousness
- Change Physiological parameters, i.e., high BP etc.
- Pale Yellow facial colour
- Fatigues and abdominal pain
- Urgency urine and Nausea
Goals and Outcomes of Nursing Diagnosis for Anxiety:
Following are the main objectives and predicted the outcome of the nursing care plan for knowledge deficit victims. This point must be noticed to overcome anxiety disorder.
- The patient should able to explain his fatigue history and survival methods.
- The patient needs to be in such condition that he can elaborate on his exact thoughts without vague statements.
- Patient’s memory should be properly working and able to reassure the facts and realities.
- Victim or patients must retain the problems and relating solutions up to the desired status.
- Patients should be able to diagnose and monitor their anxiety symptoms daily.
- Every victim should know about stress handling strategies. It is the crucial need for knowledge deficit nursing diagnosis.
- Facial expressions, postures, gestures of patients must depict his improvement and daily routine work out on anxiety disorders.
Nursing Care Plan for Knowledge Deficit Patients:
Proper plan and evaluation are necessary to differentiate in between an average person and patient suffering from anxiety. Readiness for enhanced knowledge nursing diagnosis is also the responsibility of nurse or caretaker, and it’s also a required section of the care plan. Following list shows the functions of caretaker.
- Evaluate the patient’s physical reactions in response to fatigue and anxieties. So the patient’s mental level and stress handling level can also be determined by this calculation.
- Notice the culture and environmental anxieties from which the patient is suffering. In this way, we can reach related reasons.
- Regularly check the stress level of the patient. Four stages of stress level have given by Dr Hildegard E. Peplau. These are stated as mild level stress, Moderate level, severe level and panic level. Starting from minute stress, these levels are encouraging towards disastrous stages.
- Check the patient’s behaviour towards cultural norms, events, values and their celebrations. But these parameters should be noticed under a stress situation.
- Spielberger introduced a new method named as State-Trait for anxiety treatment. This tool is available in more than forty languages and mostly implemented on adult’s checkup. So use State-trait inventory for anxiety to distinguish between patients temporary and persistent response towards stress.
- Always try to confirm from patients by having a conversation with him. Ask him in a friendly environment that either he is still anxious or not.
- Keep an eye on the patient’s activities. Observe how the patient reacts in response to an anxiety attack. Either it is defensive or destructive. It will help the doctor to apply the right method of treatment.
Nursing Interventions for Anxiety:
Following nursing interventions are prevalent among stress handling and nursing diagnosis for anxiety.
- Patient’s stress reasons are difficult to detect because they are results of those situations from which the patient has been suffered. So always try to recognize the patient’s stress causes first.
- Always encourage and motivate the patient by saying that they are not alone in such stressful circumstances. After permission, appreciate them by a handshake or a hug to sympathize and give a sigh of relief.
- Tell the patient about their close relation with whom they spent a good time. Learn them to experience new people and new places to develop healthy surroundings.
- Communicate well with patients. Try to speak politely during discussions and sessions. In this way, they will feel better and calm.
- Never try to argue with the patient if he shows some defensive language or actions. Instead, help him out and support him.
- Avoid such personals or related facts to whom patient do not like to discuss. Try to have them out of the patient’s range.
- Help the patient to acquire new stress-releasing methods like inhale-exhale, positive environment, useful visualizations and deep breathing.
- Explain the right ways of medication to patients.
- Provide massage for mental relaxation, if needed.
- Help him to teach all necessary precaution that can avail during an emergency. Such guidelines should be provided to the patient regularly.