In psychosocial nursing diagnosis, all mental disorder-related issues are discussed. If term wise discussed, psychosocial is constitute of two factors, psycho and social, which can be translated as a psychological issue that arose by social resources. Patients suffering from anxiety, stress, coping problems, bulimia, and death/Suicide urges are also counted as psychosocial affected victims. The patient’s positive and negative behavior and responses to its surroundings are kept under observation in psychosocial nursing diagnosis. Even, patients’ routine, his life events and his ability to cope with stress and anxiety are included in it.
Psychosocial Disorders Classification:
There are various types of psychosocial disorders, and few of them are discussed below.
1) Cognitive Disorder
Dementia, Alzheimer, amnesia type diseases are included in such class. In which a patient’s ability for mental development is damaged. Sometimes, short memory loss occurs, or brain cell’s damaged or didn’t work correctly.
2) Edible Disorder
Anorexia and bulimia nervosa type disorders are abundantly found in western states and especially teenager girls. Such diseases can cause poor nutrition and can lead to critical disasters like weakness. In this disorder, an individual thinks that he’s going to vomit after whatever he eats. These types of disorders are controllable at an early age.
3) Mood Swings Disorder
Mood swings are a result of anxiety or environmental change that results in digression. According to the research, the USA is at number one with more percentage of depression patients, especially teenagers. Social lifestyle might be the main leading reason behind such kind of stress and depressing feelings.
4) Adjustment Disorder
Many individuals feel trouble while changing their routines, environment or surroundings. This is actually due to their adjustment disorder that they cannot mold their-self according to the situation; instead, they prefer to live according to their own. They may have a fear of new places, from modern humans or updated objects.
5) Physical Disorder
Many mental disorders are resulted due to patient’s medical miserable conditions. For example, epilepsy produced AIDs, and diabetes produces stress disorders. The only solution to these kinds of the disorder is psychosocial nursing diagnosis and elimination of root cause. Such type of various other complications and chaos exist that needs to be coped effectively.
Psychosocial Nursing Diagnosis Related Problems:
Basic and common factors that cause mental stress or such illness are a social burden, economic situations, family relations or religious concerned sections. These are matters that can critically disturb an individual’s mental status and push him towards the problems mentioned below.
- Anti-social behavior
- Ineffective coping
- Impaired gas exchange
- Disturbed Breastfeeding
- Anxiety or stress
- Persistent self-esteem problems
- Suicide or death related urges
- Ineffective denial
- Mourning or grieving
- Impaired social connection
- The danger of impaired parenting
- Impaired coping with community
- Overloaded anxiety and stress level
- Personal confidence disorder
Psychiatric Nursing Care Plans:
Health care plans by psychiatric is an alternative term for psychosocial nursing care plans. In both cases, our primary need is to find out an effective treatment to cure the disorders related to mental health. Some of the prior strategies and psychiatric nursing care plans have been suggested below.
1) Psychological Sessions or Therapies
Therapies and sessions with psychiatric/ relation help you to promote and groom yourself. These sessions and discussions help, especially those patients who are feeling helpless and have persisted behavior. In such cases, negative thoughts or results should be avoided because they can lead toward suicidal action.
2) By Surveying Patients:
In this context, a survey meant to be a suggestion from patients by boosting their confidence. In this method, survey form or questionnaire is distributed among patients, and their response is judged. It assists us in diagnosing the problem and exploring the physiological complication of patients. But it is not always authentic because the patient can choose a false statement that doesn’t relate to his personality. So weak authenticity is the disadvantage of this technique.
3) Nursing Care Assessment and Interview:
In Psychiatric nursing care plans, the discussion is the most important and handy tool that the doctor needs. The interview is a two-way communication channel between individuals to share their meaningful thoughts. In psychosocial nursing diagnosis, therapists and nurses observe visual behavior along with oral channel and predict the patient’s conditions with related effective solution.
This technique is used to persuade the patient toward a specific fact. So one can change the behavior of the patient’s reaction by designing the environment accordingly. This kind of psychosocial nursing care plan is helpful for patients having a rigid tone.
For example, if the patient has some phobia from eating healthy food, and he does not want to eat it. Reinforcement can be done by saying that if he doesn’t taste that he can be deprived of weight, vitamin or some other relevant factor. In other words, reinforcement is meant acceptance of facts forcibly but with polite behavior.
5) Emotional Therapies with Family and Relations:
In this therapy, the patient is treated by family and closed relationship. Cultural and economic importance is realized to the patient to modify the family’s demoted factors.