According to Nanda, “ineffective breastfeeding is termed as a problem in feeding milk to infant or newborn from mother’s breast i.e., actually the basic healthy source of nutrition for newborn.”
Breastfeeding is a proper diet for a newborn because it helps to build a robust immune system and growth rate of an infant. According to research, the mother should feed a newborn for at least starting five years because it is very beneficial to decrease infection risk and increase infant brain development. Not only for infants, but breastfeeding is also worthy for the mother herself because it also prevents breast cancer and partum bleeding. If any mother suffers from complications during feeding, it is known as ineffective breastfeeding. There may be various reasons for such complications in ineffective breastfeeding e.g., nipple swelling, decrease in milk amount during the feed, etc. The following are the leading causes that can lead to ineffective breastfeeding of the infant.
Reasons behind Ineffective Breastfeeding:
- Irregular behavior of the infant
- Resisting behavior of spouse or family member
- Maternal breast oddity
- Disturbance or interruption during feed
- Breast surgery-related mother’s issue
- Pregnancy complications
- Premature birth of an infant
- Lack of knowledge regarding effective breastfeeding
- Infant siphoning reflex regarding inferior methods
Symptoms related to Ineffective Breastfeeding:
If you are suffering from issues related to breastfeeding or ineffective breastfeeding, you must have to face the following characteristics. To fix such difficulties, the nursing diagnosis is discussed to help the victims.
- Abnormal weight loss of a newborn
- Infant insufficient stooling
- Newborn hunching at the feeding area
- Crying of the infant during the first hour of breastfeeding
- Oxytocin release signs
- Discomfort feeling of the newborn during feeding
- Insufficient milk during a feed
- Inadequate weight gain of baby
Ineffective Breastfeeding Nursing Diagnosis & Care Plan:
Follow the details given below to improve your feeding ineffectiveness problems. Ineffective breastfeeding care plan and nursing diagnosis guide you to tackle the difficulties in feeding, but if any serious problem happens, it is suggested to visit your doctor immediately. Nurses are instructed to note the following assessment for successful diagnosis and treatments.
- Observe the factors that can help you to prevent the ineffective feeding and promote breastfeeding because it will assist nurses in understanding that either parent-child complete feeding process is productive or not.
- Assess the shape of the mother breast to check out any presence of anomaly because, in that situation, feeding is not permitted by doctors.
- Monitor the mother’s knowledge about feeding to check that either she is aware of basics and importance related to breastfeeding for the infant.
- Assess physical or psychological problems related to mother or infant because it can help diagnose problems in ineffective breastfeeding.
- Observe the environmental circumstances of living to check that either any signs of stress or anxiety exist or not.
- Assess the behavior of family members to confirm that either support or motivation exists for mother during infant nurturing or not.
Note the client’s emotional thought, customs, and beliefs about breastfeeding because it will assist you in guiding him in an inappropriate direction.
Goals/Outcomes of Ineffective Breastfeeding Nursing Diagnosis:
The expected results of ineffective breastfeeding care plans are explained below.
- To attain effective breastfeeding by mother.
- Articulation of breastfeeding issues and knowing their precise solutions.
- Reducing infections in infants and achieving the healthy status of parent and child.
- Diagnosing of complications related to breast cancer or surgery and handle them appropriately.
- Increase in need of infant during breastfeeding.
- Alternative methods recognition, if any problem in exclusive feeding.
- Increase in the urge of a mother to feed.
Nursing Interventions related to Ineffective Breastfeeding:
Nursing interventions of Ineffective breastfeeding guide nurses to assist their clients in solving the complications and difficulties during breastfeeding and infant nourishing. Some crucial interventions have been discussed in the following:
- Justify the importance of breastfeeding to mother and all family members. Also, explain the benefits and health factors regarding mother and newborn. Because this step will help to motivate the clients and their family to achieve the goal of effective breastfeeding.
- Demonstrate the proper positioning of the infant and mother during feeding because it will let the successful nutrition for baby and mother while following precise positioning. It will also help to avoid any disturbance during the feed.
- Encourage the healthy and relaxing environment around mother and child during breastfeeding to attain a successful process.
- If the mother felt some problem during positioning, help her to acquire the exact position. It will motivate the mother and make the feed process successful.
- Prevent ingestion of air by infant and determine the flow of feed during the process. Observe the continuity of feeding to detect any anomaly.
- Briefly explain to your client about the risk of power milk or bottle-feed, especially during the starting years. Discourage the use of bottle feed and support the mother to understand the side effects.
- Make sure that the infant takes burp after every feed. If the mother is unaware of this fact, teach them about the right position of burping and help the infant to digest the feed. It will revoke the backflow of ingested milk from the infant’s mouth.
- Examine the ineffective breasting feeding and many alternatives to cope with it. It will help the mother to boost up and encourage them towards breastfeeding. In this way, the expected goals can be met.
- Consult your doctor regarding neonatal nurturing, if needed. It will reduce the risks of malnutrition if any signs of ineffective breastfeeding exist.